Louis XIV, King of France and Navarre, dominated his age. In the second
half of the seventeenth century, he extended France's frontiers into the
Netherlands and Germany, and established colonies in America, Africa and
India. Louisiana, which once occupied a third of the territory of the
present-day United States, is named after him. Louis was also one of the
greatest patrons of European history - Molière, Racine, Lully, Le Brun, le
Nôtre all worked for him. The stupendous palace he built at Versailles, and
its satellites at Marly and Trianon, became the envy of monarchs all over
Europe, frequently imitated but never surpassed. In all his palaces, Louis
encouraged dancing, hunting, music and gambling. He loved conversation,
especially with women: the power of women in Louis's life and reign is a
particular theme of this book. Louis was obsessed by the details of
government, and travelled extensively around his kingdom, but often his
choices for ministers and generals proved disastrous. After the death of
his very able minister Colbert, the extraordinary cost of building palaces
and waging continuous wars devastated French finances and helped set France
on the path to revolution. In 1685, his decision to revoke toleration for
Protestants damaged his country, and alienated Protestant Europe and at the
end of his life, his forces were persistently defeated by the Duke of
Marlborough and Prince Eugene of Savoy. Nevertheless, by his death, he had
helped make his grandson king of Spain, where his descendants still reign,
and France had taken essentially the shape it has today. Philip Mansel's
King of the World is much the most comprehensive and up-to-date biography
of this hypnotic, flawed figure in English. It draws on all the latest
research in France, Britain and America and pays special attention to the
culture of the court, on which Mansel is an acknowledged expert. It is a
convincing and compelling portrait of a man who, three hundred years after
his death, still epitomises the idea of le grand monarque.

Philip Mansel—King Of The World - The Life Of Louis XIV

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  • 9781846145995